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FAQs

Design Consultation Services

What services can Aquarius Supply provide? 

We have the resources to assist you in completing a landscape job from initial concept to final installation. A representative will work with you from your initial meeting through the final walk-through of your project. Our skilled experts will ensure that all phases of your project are well coordinated and of consistent quality.

What are the benefits of this service? 

Aquarius Supply can refer you to a contractor best suiting your needs. We can also more effectively communicate your installation intentions and provide product recommendations based on budget and desired results. 

Lawn Care

How much water does a lawn require? 

Lawns need 1 to 1-1/2" (3-4cm) of water weekly. To determine the need for supplemental water, look for these telltale signs of oncoming drought stress:

  • Areas of the lawn especially near concrete or asphalt (sidewalks and driveways), under large trees and on slopes, take on a dark, silvery or smoky blue-green haze. In extreme cases the lawn appears yellowish.
  • Footprints or lawnmower wheel marks don't spring back shortly after they are made.

If your lawn shows symptoms of drought, water it immediately regardless of the time of day. Under normal circumstances, early morning is the best time to water your lawn so that the leaves can dry slowly and naturally without too much evaporation, and instead with most of the water penetrating the soil. Regular, fairly deep watering is better than daily light sprinklings. Deep watering and allowing the lawn to dry out between watering will force the roots to penetrate deeper in search of moisture.

Who registers pesticides in the US? 

EPA and state departments (usually the State Department of Agriculture) register or license pesticides for use in the United States. EPA receives its authority to register pesticides under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA). States are authorized to regulate pesticides under FIFRA and under state pesticide laws. States may place more restrictive requirements on pesticides than EPA. Pesticides must be registered both by EPA and the state before distribution. The United States has one of the most stringent pesticide regulatory systems in the world.

The safety and effectiveness of each product is thoroughly evaluated by agency toxicologists to ensure products meet strict safety standards. In most cases, pesticides are subject to more testing than pharmaceutical drugs. Professional applicators are highly trained and adhere to all state regulations concerning pesticide use. 

Where can I find additional information regarding pesticides? 

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Pesticide Programs [Division Mail Code] Ariel Rios Building 1200 Pennsylvania Ave. NW Washington, D.C. 20460 Website http://www.epa.gov/pesticides 2,4-D Task Force Information Hotline 1(800) 345-5109 www.24d.org Professional Lawn Care Association of America 1(800) 458-3466 www.plcaa.org. Aquarius Supply professionals are available to answer any questions that you may have about the products or services that are used to help promote and protect a healthy lawn.

Do I need weed control? 

Weeds compete with desirable lawn grasses for water, space, light and nutrients. They are very aggressive and can take over a lawn if not kept in check. It is when this type of imbalance occurs that many customers request help from Aquarius Supply Professionals. Before this happens, a preventive approach to controlling weeds is recommended. It includes regular fertilization, proper mowing and correct watering practices. Weeds can also be controlled through digging or hand pulling. This method is much more labour intensive and is not always effective since many weeds can reproduce through vegetative parts if they are not entirely dug out.

Is fertilizer Important?

Lawns require fertilizer to maintain health and vigor. A well-fertilized lawn will be better at preventing weed infestation as well as drought and disease. Lawns that are thick and healthy can help the environment by producing oxygen, filtering and enhancing ground water quality, cooling the air during hot weather, trapping and absorbing urban dust and pollution, and providing a safer playing surface. It also helps people feel better about themselves and their surroundings. Aquarius Supply offers our proprietary 24-4-16, 65% Slow Release Granular Fertilizer. Fertilizers must be applied evenly and at the proper rate to prevent burning or leaving stripes on the lawn. Your Aquarius Supply Professional will be happy to help.

Landscape Lighting

What elements need to be lit in a landscape?

This question can only be answered when you determine the overall effect you want. What mood are you looking for? What function will the light serve? Think about the light’s function and then walk around your property and choose focal points. Do you have a beautiful garden? Elegant fountain? Whatever elements jump out at you; this is your starting point. Remember also to consider safety lighting on walkways, steps and driveways.

Which fixtures are right?

Remember when choosing fixtures that less is more. Unless you want to spotlight one key feature, generally low-voltage or solar lighting will work well. Consider softer light emitted from different angles to create an overall desired effect. You can also create a brighter illumination by grouping softer lights together. Low-voltage and solar lighting will also save you money on electricity.

Why is low-voltage lighting preferred?

Low-voltage lighting works well in residential lighting environments and holds a safe 12V of electricity. Your current electrical capacity is 120V which poses a risk to the people living inside the home during inclement weather conditions. Aside from safety concerns, low-voltage lights are more efficient, saving you money, and the bulbs last long without needing much maintenance. Installation is also much easier.

What type of lighting techniques should be used?

There are hundreds of lighting techniques, but for the sake of simplicity, you only need to concern yourself with a few. Uplighting and downlighting refers to the direction of the light. For example, with downlighting place a fixture in an elevated location and point it downward to illuminate the area beneath it. These techniques add a soft, beautiful glow to any landscape design.

Flood and spot lights emit a bright glow to featured objects. Use these techniques sparingly and in key locations. Shadow lighting illuminates a surface in front of another surface. By lighting the front object, you cast a shadow on the object behind it. Path lighting illuminates paths and walkways for elegance and safety.

How do I plan my landscape design?

It is recommended to consult with a professional for this step. A landscape designer will study the layout of your property and the issues you may face in the process of executing your design.

If you are flying “solo”, sketch the property and include all the features you want to illuminate. Pay close attention to the power consoles and their locations. Draw a line from the fixtures to the consoles to display the cables. The process can get complicated around walkways, steps and driveways. If you feel uncomfortable, opt to speak to a professional or consider using solar lighting fixtures.

The landscape lighting design process can be difficult for novices. If you have any more questions, research the process in detail before you begin or hire a professional to design and install the lighting. Beginners may come across property issues they are not skilled enough to fix and cause unnecessary future damage.

Garden Ponds

How do I decide where to install a new pond?

Take a good look at the available area and make sure that the location of the pond can be enjoyed from any decks and windows. Pull out the garden hose and create the pond's shape right on the lawn. Experiment with it for a few days and observe how both the sun and slope of the yard will effect the space you have chosen.

What do I need to keep in mind about ideal pond placement?

Plan the pond so that you can easily add a waterfall or a second pond in years to come. Most  pond keepers continue to improve and grow the size of their ponds from year to year.

  • A pond deeper than 18" is considered a pool in many municipalities. This will require the yard to be fenced.
  • Place the pond away from where run-off flows. Run-off could deliver fertilizers and other toxins to any fish.
  • Install a GFI outlet near the pond to avoid cords across the lawn and electrocution.

How deep does the pond need to be?

For fish, a deep spot is needed that is just below the frost line. This deep section only needs to be large enough to accomodate the fish and plants you keep in the pond in the winter. Contact local sources to determind the frost depth in the desired area.

What types of pond construction are there?

  • Preformed ponds come in a variety of shapes. They are extremely durable and less susceptible to tears and punctures. Preformed ponds are easy to install and clean, but require more skill to fit the hole in the ground with the shape of the pond. Also, when properly supported, preformed ponds are ideal for above-ground, indoor, and patio setups.
  • Pond liners are ideal for the more experienced water gardeners. They allow for easy and very forgiving installations, which consequently promotes greater creativity. Because you can create various shapes with pond liners, it is possible to construct larger, and deeper configurations (when compared to preformed ponds).
  • Skimmer (liner) pond kits are for the professional pond installers. The installation of a skimmer and a bio waterfall filter requires extra planning because additional external cavities need to be dug beside the pond. The installation of a skimmer also involves seaming the liner to the opening of the skimmer. Tubing considerations are paramount to proper skimmer and biofalls installation.
  • Concrete installations usually require a professional installation. Concrete is a medium that tends to crack as the ground freezes and thaws.

What about water runnoff?

  • The easiest way to avoid runnoff is to install the pond in a location that is not at the bottom of a slope or hill.
  • It is a good idea not to install the pond underneath any rain gutters - leaky eavestroughs may also prevent a rainwater runoff problem.
  • If you install the pond on sloping ground, insall run-off routes around the pond to help prevent rainwater and melting snow from getting into the pond.
  • Install the pond liner in a soil that is more clay-like than sand-like. Sandlike soil will move very easily when it is wet.
EasyTurf Synthetic Lawns

Why choose EasyTurf? 

EasyTurf artificial grass is more than just the turf grass itself. It’s a complete landscape system. The artificial grass system includes preparation of the ground the artificial grass will be installed on, the drainage through the artificial grass backing, the infill material used to keep the artificial grass blades erect and provide ballast, and the yarn that create the “fake-grass” blades. EasyTurf artificial grass matches the look and feel of real grass. Artificial grass requires little to no maintenance. http://www.easyturf.com/commercial/ http://www.easyturf.com/residential/  

How long does EasyTurf last? 

All EasyTurf synthetic grass products come with a 10 year warranty. With proper care and maintenance you or your customers will enjoy a beautiful synthetic turf for many long years, without the hassle of watering, or mowing!

Is EasyTurf pet-friendly? 

Just as you would with normal grass, you just scoop up the mess and hose it. http://www.easyturf.com/pets/ 

Is EasyTurf flammable? 

Easy Turf is virtually flame-proof. The sand and rubber infill assists in minimising any fire spreading.

Drivable Grass

What is a drivable grass structure?

A drivable grass structure may be achieved by use of an engineering product. Utilizing drivable grass structures for areas creates pervious cover for parking, storage, event traffic without creating rutting or stormwater runoff.

How does drivable grass work?

There are many types of drivable grass solutions but all engineered products are introduced and cultivated into the soil, or installed on top, or installed as part of an engineered profile.

How do I know which engineered solution is right for my project?

In order to determine the most cost effective and long term return on your investment we need to know your typical use for the area to make the best recommendation for product.

Are these products for residential or commercial use?

We have products for every need and vehicle weight loading from a golf cart up to a ladder truck for fire emergencies.

What are some of the products available?

Aquarius Supply sells Netlon ATS which mixes with the soil, Bodpave85 Grids, TYPAVE 25 (a superior Grasspave 2 type product), Grassprotecta, Turfprotecta, NDS EZ Roll Grass and Gravel pavers, NDS Tufftrack.

Root Protection

What is root protection?

Root protection is made of engineered HDPE panels, LDPE or PVC sheeting, or geotextile.

How does it work?

Root Protection is installed around Trees to contain the root ball within a determined area based on tree species.

What effect does root protection have on my plantings?

The HDPE, LDPE and PVC may cause root balling near the panel perimeter over time, but are generally harmless to the plantings. The Typar Biobarrier creates a no grow zone without any root balling.

How do I know which root protection is right for my project?

In order to determine the most cost effective and long term return on your investment we need to know your plant species, landscape plan, and general use of the area.

What are the benefits for a contractor to use root protection?

When utilized properly Root protection will protect your underground utilities, septic systems, hardscaping, curbing, or whatever structure you install it near. Some hardscape contractors are offering a longer warranty with use of the Biobarrier product.

Stormwater Management

What is BMP 6.5.2?

BMP 6.5.2 is a Stormwater Best Management Practice described as “Capture and Reuse”. At Aquarius Supply we are primarily involved in the engineering of systems where we capture stormwater runoff and then use this water for irrigation. Because of the karst formations in Pennsylvania we have a high level of sinkholes (http://dcnr.state.pa.us/topogeo/hazards/sinkholes/index.htm)

Therefore it is detrimental to install catch basins that only concentrate infiltration in one area causing erosion of the karst and creating sinkholes.

Using proper irrigation techniques to accomplish 6.5.2 capture and Reuse we slowly introduce water all over the property as naturally occurring rain would to help introduce a wide spread natural infiltration rate.

What is the design process for a BMP 6.5.2 Capture and Reuse System?

The NOI Application Checklist is quite substantial (http://www.lehighconservation.org/Water-Quality/NPDES-Permit-Forms-Documents) Once the design engineer establishes that 6.5.2 is the correct option it is quite a straightforward process. The gallons/cubic feet of water captured is calculated. Then the square footage of pervious surface to be irrigated is noted on a base plan as well as the time in which the governing body wishes the water is to be disbursed before another possible rain event, usually 6 days.

  • Then we design the appropriate size underground storage solution, pumping system and irrigation spray field design and watering schedule.

How long does it take to get a 6.5.2 Spray Irrigation Design Completed?

Once we are given all the proper data the design process usually takes 7-10 days depending on the complexity and our current workload. This is a basic checklist of the items we will need:

  • Landscape CAD file for the site with “irrigated area” spelled out.
  • Desired location for underground storage cistern.
  • Engineer calculations for storage demands.
  • DEP requirement for distribution days.
  • Do you want irrigation system to operate on city water during dry periods to keep the landscape lush? If yes:
    • Water source, service line size and water pressure.

What is the best choice for an underground Cistern?

There are many choices available in underground Cisterns. The unfortunate reality is there is no easy and inexpensive way to store water underground. Our goal is to always value engineer our projects making our services valuable and desirable to our clients. Here are a few of our preferred methods:

EPIC Stormwater Management System

What is EPIC?

The EPIC System is an Environmentally Passive Integrated Chamber System. EPIC is engineering to provide drainage, capillary rise irrigation, and stormwater capture and reuse all in one system.

How does EPIC work?

EPIC works through a minimal engineered sand/soil profile as the infiltration and growth media. Beneath which is the EPDM Base layer, geotextile component, EPIC Chambers, pvc pipe and other components. When water infiltrates to the base EPDM it is moved to underground storage for future reuse of the water.

How do I know if EPIC is right for my project?

EPIC isn’t for everyone, but we can help to determine if EPIC is right for you, or if we have a more cost effective solution to meet your needs.

Is EPIC for residential or commercial use?

EPIC may be used for residential and commercial use.

Can I drive on an EPIC area?

Yes, with inclusion of the Netlon ATS into the engineered soil we can support up to a firetruck loading requirement.

What are the benefits of EPIC for sports turf fields?

EPIC systems under sports turf use up to 80 percent less water to grow lush turf. Turf will rebound after hard play quickly with the enhanced root system. Competitors will have less injury playing on real turf vs artificial turf. Plus with inclusion of the Netlon ATS on a sports field the field can also be used for overflow parking if needed.

Stormwater Management Infiltration

Why is stormwater infiltration important?

With the urbanization of the landscape the volumes of pavement great volumes of stormwater runoff occur during regular rain events. Stormwater Infiltration helps to minimize runoff and in some cases eliminate runoff altogether. Some municipalities have a dual use sewer and stormwater system and during large storms the treatment systems overload and raw sewage, waste, and street borne hydrocarbons are poured directly into our river systems. Many areas have now adopted an “MS-4 Designation” which is a serious commitment to reducing these discharges to our watersheds.

What is the first line of reduction?

A first line reduction for stormwater runoff and infiltration is a Porous, Pervious, Permeable pavement in lieu of traditional paving methods.

What goes underneath the porous pavement?

Typically well graded clean stone goes directly beneath the paving surface. The stone works to provide storage for the inflow of water plus it can be effective media for cleaning some of the contaminants at the same time.

Can I store additional water underneath?

Sure, there are many chambers, cubes, tank systems to increase detention quantity and time after a storm for volumes of stormwater.

Is it safe to drive over these systems?

Most systems can be incorporated into a comprehensive plan and achieve an H 20 load rating plus. (80,000 pound trucks). However, not all systems can be used in all applications.

How do I clean the pavement and keep it serviceable?

The best way to do this is to keep organic items such as leaves, twigs, etc. clear from the surface through routine care. If something should get ground into the surface simple vacuuming with a shop vacuum will clean small areas, or a vacuum truck may be used for larger areas.

If I don’t have porous paving can I help clean stormwater and reduce contaminants from my watershed?

Yes, Aquarius Supply stocks and sells into the marketplace Inlet filtration which fit directly beneath storm drain grates at the street level. These devices are easy to install service and meet MS-4 requirements. We can also help with a Bio-swale BMP (Best Management Practice) in conjunction with an inlet and filter for infiltration purposes.

Rainwater Harvesting

How is rainwater harvesting used for stormwater management?

With the urbanization of the landscape the volumes of pavement great volumes of stormwater runoff occur during regular rain events. Stormwater capture and reuse through rainwater harvesting greatly reduces runoff roof shed and in some cases eliminate runoff altogether.

Do I have to do rainwater harvesting?

No, rainwater capture and reuse or harvesting is largely optional.

How do I calculate how much water I could capture during a storm?

The EPA has a comprehensive site with calculators available to determine your needs. https://www.epa.gov/water-research/national-stormwater-calculator

What size and shape of storage tanks are available?

Storage tanks are available for above grade and below grade use. Sizes range from just a few gallons, to rain barrels to larger 30,000 gallon tanks and everything in between. Shapes can be made to work with your lot sizes and dimensions for irregular needs as well.

What other components will I need?

Any good system will require inspection and cleanout ports to ensure proper function. You will also need pre filtration to keep organics and sediment out of the storage tanks. Geotextiles, clean sand or stone backfill. Float switches, pumps and control units and a city water switch over valve may also be needed for your configuration.

How can I use the water?

You can use the water to irrigate landscaping, for urinals, and toilets, agriculture, and more. Note, some areas require dye to be added prior to using for urinals and toilet flush.

Is it safe to drive over these systems?

Most systems can be incorporated into a comprehensive plan and achieve an H 20 load rating plus. (80,000 pound trucks). However, not all systems can be used in all applications.